To plant shrubs and trees – Late fall and early spring are considered ideal planting times because roots will have more time to grow into the surrounding soil before the stress due to new foliage growth and high temperatures occurs.
Dig a hole twice the width of the root ball and so that the root collar is level with the surrounding soil level – flush with the ground. Planting the tree to deep will cause water to sit and rot the stem and planted to high above the soil lever will prevent it from getting water. Carefully remove plant from container and gently separate roots. If planting a balled and burlap tree simply cut the rope and top of the burlap off the ball. No need to remove the basket. Position in center of hole, best side facing forward. Backfill with a mixture peat moss and healthy start fertilizer or an amended mixture. Build a water well or moat under the tree to help the tree retain water. Finish by mulching and watering well.
- If soil is too sandy or too clayey, add organic matter. This will help with both drainage and water holding capacity.
- Remove rocks or grass, and completely break up any dirt clumps. This will help prevent air pockets and grass from growing.
- Be sure to generously water your plants 3x’s per week the first few months
- BEST TIME TO WATER – 5am – 10 am.
- Newly-planted trees, shrubs & perennials, with roots close to the soil surface, will need watering on a daily basis.
- The best way to water in the hot, dry weather is a slow, deep soak. The slow drip hydrates your plants at the soil line and thus gets to the roots and nourishes the plant.
- Mulching around the base of the plant will help water soak in, rather than run off.
Signs You are Under-Watering:
- Soil is dry.
- Leaves are wilted.
- Leaves curl.
- Older leaves turn yellow or brown, and drop off.
Signs You Are Over-Watering:
- Soil is constantly damp.
- Leaves turn a lighter shade of green or turn yellow.
- Young shoots are wilted.
- Leaves are green yet brittle.
- Algae and mushrooms are growing.
Tips for Saving Water:
- Don’t run the sprinkler longer than necessary. In an hour, 600 gallons can be wasted.
- Know how to turn off automatic sprinklers in case of rain.
- Install a trickle-drip irrigation or soaker line system close to the roots of your plants. By dripping water slowly, the system doesn’t spray water into the air where it can be lost through evaporation.
- Avoid watering with sprinklers on windy days because water blows off target and causes excess evaporation.
- Make sure your sprinklers are adjusted properly and not hitting sidewalks or driveways.